Rodents and Mice
Rodents and mice are able to carry germs that can cause symptoms such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and jaundice. Furthermore, they are able to increase in numbers rapidly, scale walls effortlessly. And jump as high as twelve inches in the air. These traits can make them difficult to capture on your own, as well as making it much simpler to spread disease.
Eosinophilic meningitis is an infection of the brain happening in association with a rise in the number of eosinophils. White blood cells associated with infection with worms that penetrate into the body. The organism that causes eosinophilic meningitis, in most cases, is a rat lung worm. This is also known as angiostrongylus cantonensis.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a lethal disease transmitted by infected rodents through means of droppings, saliva, or urine. Humans can also acquire the disease, simply by breathing in the aerosolized virus. HPS was firstly identified in 1993. Even though uncommon, HPS is potentially lethal. Rodent control in and around the home continues to be the major technique for preventing hantavirus infection.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial ailment that affects animals and humans. Brought in by the bacteria of the genus Leptospira; in humans, it can cause a number of symptoms, but some infected persons may have no symptoms at all. Symptoms of leptospirosis include but not limited too; chills, muscle aches, high fever, vomiting, and severe headache, and may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, jaundice, a rash, or red eyes. When the illness is left untreated, the affected person can develop meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain and spinal cord), kidney damage, respiratory distress, and liver failure. In rare cases, death can happen.
Murine typhus (brought on by infection with R. typhi) happens throughout the world and is usually transmitted to humans through rat fleas. Flea-infested rats are found all year round, especially in humid tropical conditions. In temperate areas, they are most common throughout the warmer summer season. Tourists who visit rat-infested buildings and homes can be in danger of exposure to the agent of murine typhus.
Rat-Bite Fever (RBF)
Rat-bite fever (RBF) is a systemic bacterial disease attributable to Streptobacillus moniliformis. RBF can be acquired from either a bite or scratch of a rodent; or either, perhaps from the ingestion of food or water contaminated with rat feces.
Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhimurium
Such as the name implies, it results in a typhoid-like illness in mice. In humans, S. Typhimurium doesn’t cause as severe disease as S. Typhi and isn’t normally deadly. This illness is characterized by abdominal cramps, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting, and usually lasts around seven days. Sad to say, in immunocompromised people, like the elderly, young, or individuals with depressed immune systems. Especially noteworthy, salmonella infections, in many cases are deadly if not treated with antibiotics.
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